We present a fit to observational data in an asymmetric self-interacting dark matter model using our recently calculated cross sections that incorporate both $t$-channel and $u$-channel exchanges in the scattering of identical particles. We find good fits to the data ranging from dwarf galaxies to galaxy clusters, and equivalent relative velocities from $\sim 20$ km/sec to $\gtrsim 10^3$ km/s. We compare our results with previous fits that used only $t$-channel exchange contributions to the scattering.

We study the baryon-baryon interactions with strangeness $S = -2$ and corresponding momentum correlation functions in leading order covariant chiral effective field theory. The relevant low energy constants are determined by fitting to the latest HAL QCD simulations, taking into account all the coupled channels. Extrapolating the so-obtained strong interactions to the physical point and considering both quantum statistical effects and the Coulomb interaction, we calculate the $\Lambda\Lambda$ and $\Xi^-p$ correlation functions with a spherical Gaussian source and compare them with the recent experimental data. We find remarkable agreement between our predictions and the experimental measurements by using the source radius determined in proton-proton correlations, which demonstrates the consistency between theory, experiment, and lattice QCD simulations. Moreover, we predict the $\Sigma^+\Sigma^+$, $\Sigma^+\Lambda$, and $\Sigma^+\Sigma^-$ interactions and corresponding momentum correlation functions. We further investigate the influence of the source shape and size of the hadron pair on the correlation functions studied and show that the current data are not very sensitive to the source shape. Future experimental measurement of the predicted momentum correlation functions will provide a non-trivial test of not only SU(3) flavor symmetry and its breaking but also the baryon-baryon interactions derived in covariant chiral effective field theory.

Semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering (SIDIS) at the Electron-Ion Collider will allow for precise mapping of the 3D momentum and spin structure of nucleons and nuclei over a large kinematic region. In this contribution, we demonstrate methods utilizing the hadronic final state and scattered electron, as well as machine learning, to more reliably reconstruct the virtual photon four momentum and SIDIS kinematics across the inclusive DIS coverage at the EIC.